In writing a drama script, one must pay attention to several things, including the composition or structure of the script or drama text.
Structure of texts or drama scripts
Before you write a drama script you need to understand the structure that builds the drama script. According to Herman J. Waluyo, the structure of the drama script includes:
a. Plot / plot
Story plot or plot, i.e. story storyline or story frame from beginning to end which is a tangle of conflict between two or more opposing characters.
b. Characterization and characterization
Characterization is closely related to disposition. Characterization is an arrangement of characters that play a role in the drama.
The characters will then be explained physically and psychologically so that they will have different characters or characters.
c. Dialogue (conversation)
The hallmark of the drama script is the script in the form of precip or dialogue. Dialogue in drama scripts is in the form of communicative languages as mock everyday languages, not written languages.
d. Settings (place, time and atmosphere)
The setting is also called the setting of the story which is the depiction of the time, place, and atmosphere of the occurrence of a story.
e. Theme (story base)
The theme is the main idea that underlies a story in the drama. The theme is developed through a dramatic plot in the plot through antagonistic and protagonist figures with opposing dispositions to allow conflict between the two.
f. Message or author’s message.
Consciously or unconsciously the author of a drama script conveys a certain message in his work. The message can be implied and explicit.
A keen reader will be able to search for messages contained in drama scripts. Messages can be conveyed through interpersonal conversations or the behavior of each character.
g. Technical instructions/side text.
In a drama script needed technical instructions or side text which is very necessary if the drama script is staged.
Sampling clues are useful for the character’s technical guidance, time, atmosphere, stage, sound, music, characters in and out, the weakness of dialogue, the color of the sound, and so on.
Steps for writing a text or drama script
After you learn the elements of the drama script above, of course now you can get a clearer picture of how to write the drama script.
The steps to writing a drama script are as follows.
a. Determine the theme.
b. Creating settings / background.
c. Creating characters.
d. Creating a dialogue between people.
e. Creating side text.
f. Write a series of scenes in a draft so that it forms a plot.
g. Editing the initial draft, then writing a drama script based on the draft.